Euro 2020 Disorder Review

The events of 11 July 2021 (Euro 2020 Final Disorder), when thousands of ticketless supporters sought to force their way into Wembley Stadium and created significant levels of disorder in and around the ground, were subject of an Independent Review undertaken by Baroness Casey. The review set out to understand what happened and determine lessons so that there can be no repeat in the future.The remit of this review was to look at the events of the day and the FA’s role in managing them, alongside its event delivery partners. Jason Moseley MoRServ Operations Director (Investigations) was appointed as the independent specialist investigator for the review and was responsible for the review and assessment of the CCTV evidence. The Review:
  • Interviewed FA and Wembley staff, from stewards to the chief executive Interviewed stakeholders representing key delivery partners, including the police and other emergency services, council staff and government officials
  • Analysed substantial documentary evidence relating to the preparation and delivery of the final, including over four thousand hours of CCTV footage
  • Completed a survey of more than 7,700 ticket holders at the final
  • Commissioned independent reports from experts and academics relating to crowd safety, football-related disorder and legislation, and social media
Summary of key findings The key findings of the Review are as follows:
  • The behaviour of a large minority of England supporters was not just disgraceful, it recklessly endangered lives
  • There were a series of crowd ‘near misses’ which could have led to significant injuries or even death
  • Planning and preparation for Euro Sunday was hampered by a set of unique conditions, including the ongoing need to manage the Covid-19 pandemic, which combined to create a ‘perfect storm’
  • Many of the events that unfolded were foreseeable, and, while there were many mitigating factors, there was a collective failure to plan for the worst-case scenario
  • A loss of experienced stewards because of the pandemic left Wembley’s stewarding operation vulnerable when confronted with the most aggressive and disorderly crowd Wembley had ever seen
  • The absence of a fan zone or fan zones denied the police and other agencies a key crowd management tool and was potentially a very significant factor.
  • There was insufficient enforcement of the ban on consuming alcohol on public transport in London
  • The policing of the final did not sufficiently mitigate the risk of ticketless fans with officers deployed too late in the day
  • There are a lack of enforcement mechanisms available to respond to and deter the kind of behaviour witnessed at Euro Sunday
  • Planning of the final did not match the ‘occasion’ that was Euro Sunday